Borewells are the main source of drinking water in several cities in India. Due to the lack of river water in many cities, borewells have proven to be an easier solution. They are an easy source of water, accepted worldwide. However, how safe is it really? Read along to find out.
Groundwater usually consists of rainwater seeped into the ground. Additionally, water from rivers, dams and creeks can also contribute to groundwater. To make this water available for consumption, borewells are built. They are an excellent source of water and contributes immensely in meeting the needs of people everywhere. However, the purity of groundwater is never guaranteed. They can get polluted either through natural or human activities.
Is it safe to drink borewell water?
Borewell water contains a high amount of arsenic, chloride, fluoride and other heavy metals. Moreover, it contains large amounts of TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) which makes water hard. This makes borewell water unfit to consume directly. Therefore, it would be right to say that borewell water is not really safe for direct consumption and use. To ensure your health and safety, it is necessary to use an RO, UV or UF water purifier instead of directly consuming borewell water.
Some of the most common issues related to borewell water are
- Hard Water and TDS(Total Dissolved Solids)
Water having a high mineral content of calcium and magnesium is referred to as hard water. Higher the mineral count, harder the water. The issue with hard water is that it leaves behind calcium scum and sticky residue. When it comes to consumption, hard water tastes sour. The hardness of your water can easily be measured using a TDS Meter. A TDS of above 200mg/litre is a clear indicator of hardness.
2. Heavy Metals like Arsenic and Led
Metals like Arsenic, Lead, and Fluoride are hazardous to health. These metals are known to have high toxicity levels which lead to poisoning.
Some common health issues caused by long-term consumption of metal-polluted water are-
- Stunted Growth
- Nerve Damage
- Organ Damage
- Memory Damage
The main reason for pollution of groundwater is the fact that industries carelessly dump their water waste without treating them. Resulting in groundwater being polluted with chemicals and heavy metals. Sometimes, this can even be caused by rainwater that dissolves heavy metals into rocks and soils. Due to heavy monsoons in India, water contamination with heavy metals in more common than you probably know.
3 .Muddy water
Getting muddy water from borewell is one of the most common issues faced by several Indian homes. Filtering muddy water is simple and can be practised by everyone. Here are some of the ways you can do this-
- Remove the pump and check the deepness of the well. In case the bottom meets the original depth, you may need to lift the pump. However, if it is altered due to silt, a permanent solution is required.
- A compressor can also be used to pump the water with pressure until it yields clear water. However, the process may be tedious and even costly.
- Another concern is that muddy water often has a high TDS, indicating contamination and hardness. Since the TDS is on the higher side, you can’t use an Ultrafiltration (UF) water purifier to lower the TDS. Reverse Osmosis (RO) with an Activated Carbon Filter is the pick for a challenge like this one. Moreover, to eliminate all bacteria, virus, and germs, an Ultra Violet UV light filter becomes an absolute necessity!
This occurs due to the presence of bacteria interacting with the minerals. Another significant cause is the presence of Sulfide and other gasses in the well. You may have noticed a rotten egg like-smell which results from such gasses.
Another cause of sewerage-like smell in water is the close construction of most draining lines with wells. Seepage of drains can be a critical problem. Along with the reeking smell, there are multiple health hazards as well.
Instead of spending thousands of bucks on temporary solutions, investing in a water purification system can be life-changing. Activated Carbon and Charcoal filters can eliminate bad odour and taste, giving you purity and safety.
As we all know, iron is an essential nutrient for humans to function effectively. Deficiency in iron can lead to a number of issues. However, if consumed in high dosage, iron can prove to be toxic. Borewell water is known to constitute a high amount of iron. Along with harmful health effects, the taste of this water is quite unpleasant and intolerable. Iron can also cause blockages in pipes drippers and sprays, restricting the water flow.
Why do you need a borewell Water Softener?
Bordwell water contains an excess of minerals such as calcium and magnesium. Water which contains these is termed as hard water. There are several issues caused by hard water, some of them being foul plumbing, scaling, corrosion. Moreover, it negatively affects your body causing issues such as dry skin and hair damage.
To deal with these issues, using a water softener is the best solution. Water softeners convert hard water into soft water by exchanging salts of calcium and magnesium with sodium to convert. Soft water is much safer and beneficial in the long run compared to hard water. Soft water produces more lather, uses detergent, prevents scaling and corrosion of metals and keeps electronic appliances safer for a longer period of time. Soft water is safer for your skin and hair as well.
Which is the best purifier for borewell water?
To ensure the health and safety of people consuming borewell water, it is necessary to use a water purifier. In the presence of arsenic and other metals, RO combined with UV water purification is the ideal solution. However, if your water doesn’t contain harmful metals, RO water purifiers should do just fine. This will help eliminate all impurities from water and make sure that it is clean and safe for consumption. SKF Exlier’s RO water purifiers are considered the best solution for this problem.